?Best MPG Car You Can Buy – Double Your Car’s Miles Per Gallon

With gas being so expensive, many new ultra fuel efficient hybrids are hitting the market. What car makers don’t tell you is that you can use new technology to make your older car extremely fuel efficient. You don’t have to go spend $25,000 on a new Toyota Prius to get 48 mpg. The best mpg car you can buy might not cost you anything near that much! With new HHO conversion kits, its very easy and affordable to get amazing miles per gallon on the car you drive right now. See the link below for information on conversion kits.

What is HHO technology?

HHO technology is a cutting edge development that allows you to blend hydrogen with your gasoline to increase gas mileage. Mpg can be doubled! Conversion kits are available that are simple to install and they only require water! You don’t have to buy expensive, hard to find hydrogen. Water is a natural source and can be extracted easily.

So how does it work?

It works by a process known as electrolysis. HHO equipment uses water to extract hydrogen atoms. Water molecules are made with two hydrogen atoms. These atoms are pure hydrogen gas and can be burned with gasoline in your engine. Once blended, the new fuel known as Brown’s gas is much more robust than the gas your normally use. The extra power output means better performance from your engine. This means better gas mileage and less money leaving your wallet!

Does this work with my car?

Any car that burns unleaded gasoline or diesel fuel can be converted. That includes hybrids, trucks, suvs, compacts… anything! The best mpg car you can buy is sitting in your driveway right now awaiting a conversion. The process is very affordable and easy to do in your own garage. Once completed, you just add water and let it work! The link below has more information on the best conversion kits.

This technology is the future for Americans or anyone suffering from high gas prices. Hybrid car technology simply isn’t affordable for most people, and it won’t be for a long time. In the mean time, HHO conversions will solve the gas problem for the average American.

?Forget V8s In Pick-Ups, Small High Power Diesels Are The Way To Go

The Pick-up Truck market in the US is very lucrative and that does not harbor Innovation. With hauling capacity being the biggest selling point, Truck makers tout Ultra-large V8 engines putting out huge horsepower and torque figures. with fuel economy being a big issue today, many of the truck makers are looking to complex technologies to solve this issue. What many of them fail to realize is that smaller diesel engines can provide as much torque or more than the Big V8s and still consume less fuel.

I am fully aware the diesel engines in development by Ford and GM and its true that Chrysler is using the Mercedes 3L CDi engines in the grand Cherokee, but these are still too big and the Mercedes engine is quite expensive. Even Toyota with all their eco clout just followed Detroit when they engineered their new Tundra. To get an idea of what I’m trying to say is to look at those hatchbacks used for hauling in Europe. They rely on small diesel engines with serious torque that their petrol rivals cannot muster. Now look at the stream of progress in the diesel field from the amazing engines from Fiat and Peugeot to the high tech wonders of BMW especially their new twin turbo versions. The 3.0L 6 cylinder version produces 272hp and a mind boggling 413lbft of torque and the new 2.0L 4 cylinder version produces 204hp and 295lbft of torque. all while having a fuel economy of 35mpg and 41mpg respectively. That is some serious performance both on the torque and fuel economy fronts.

Now Imagine a Pick-up Truck with an engine in between those two a 2.5l 5 cylinder engine with 235hp and 350lbft of torque and a fuel economy of 30mpg taking the heavier weight of the Pick-up into consideration. This is very feasible and should be looked at by the Big Truck Makers. They can standardize their engines offering different states of turbo boost while using the same engine. This would save manufacturing costs and be a lot cheaper than chasing hybrids. Why Toyota did not push to take on the Pick-up Truck Market touting fuel economy is a mystery, but any Truck maker than wants to send the rest out of business should really consider small capacity diesels even if their initial price would be more expensive than the big V8s they currently use.

?Tonneau Cover – What Every Pickup Truck Owner Wants, But Won’t Admit!

Everyone who has ever had or who currently owns a pickup truck, at one point in time, wishes they had more room. Sure trucks are considered a large size vehicle, with 65% of the size being the open truck bed, leaves for a lot of ‘room’ not being efficiently used. The open bed is no place anyone wants to leave valuables or items exposed to the elements, be it weather or opportunists ready to steal anything that is not locked up.

The answer- tonneau cover. It is an aftermarket accessory that covers, protects and secures the open truck bed of a pickup. Today’s covers are custom manufactured to OEM specifications for pickup trucks (long bed, short bed, sport trac) and the new cross-over sport utility vehicles (Ford Explorer Sport, Chevy Avalanche). Each cover is custom made for the pickup and most truck bed covers do not require drilling for installation. The cover is secured to the bed of the truck via heavy duty clamps. Because each tonneau cover is custom made for each truck, the leading manufacturers’ guarantee their products will be a perfect fit.

In the last ten years, demand for tonneau covers has pushed manufacturers to design and engineer a better cover. Due to the constant refining and re engineering consumers now have a large selection of to choose from. Options such as quality of vinyl, snap or snapless, rolls, hinged, soft folding and even hard folding covers are available for the customer. There are also bed covers that open like a hood of a car and made of rigid fiberglass materials that can be painted to custom match your pickup truck.

Be prepared for a wide price fluctuation between brands and models. The price really does dictate the quality of (tarp/cover) material and components used in manufacturing the product.

Before you shop for a tonneau cover, first determine how you want to utilize your truck bed. Do you want to have fast easy access? A snap or roll up cover would be a good fit and moderately priced. Do you want a hard cover? A solid folding or fiberglass lid type will narrow your choices and increase the cost. Is your truck a work truck with rails? A TracRac works seamless with your existing rail system for additional storage. Do you have a toolbox in your truck bed? There are several truck bed cover manufacturers that make toolbox compatible covers.

All of the leading cover manufacturers, (Extang, TruXedo, Bak, Access, TracRac, Lund) feature full use of your tail gate when the cover is completely closed. If your truck is not equipped with a tailgate lock, it is recommended to add a lock (Pop n’lock) to your tailgate for additional security.

The advantages of adding a tonneau cover to your truck will pay off quickly. Not only will you suddenly expand your truck’s usable room, you’ll give your truck a new, personalized look. You’ll also save on fuel! The truck bed covers are designed to cut wind resistance which reduces drag and can help to increase fuel economy, gas or diesel. The biggest advantage is your cargo will be safe and secure – where ever you leave it in your truck – inside or in the truck bed.

?Ford, GM, and Chrysler; Still the Big Three?

Back in the early nineties the light duty work truck market experienced something it hadn’t seen before: Asian competition; sort of.While Japanese manufacturers had done a number on the big three in the small truck market as they had done in various automobile segments, the full size truck market was still red, white, blue, and green$$. Then came the Toyota T-100. While the initial entry into the full size market from Japan didn’t have much of an impact on the North American work truck market, it should have been a wake-up call.

Though the T-100 missed the work truck mark in many ways: low gvw, sheet metal like tin foil, puny power trains, low tow rating, and styling best described as a Camry with an 8′ bed, it did accomplish one thing. It gave Toyota a platform to experiment, gather feedback and learn. It wasn’t exactly heavy duty. But by the T-100’s third year of production it claimed the title of Best Full Size Pickup in JD Powers initial quality survey and had begun to erode notions that only American manufacturers could build full size trucks.

Since then the T-100 has become the Tundra, and has racked up just about every quality award and press accolade known to man. It’s also grown up. Regular Cabs have grown to double cabs larger than the domestics, and horsepower and displacement have grown from the initial 3.0 v6 to todays vvt-i V8 pushing nearly 300 hp. But a more important event occurred when the T-100 became the Tundra. It went from a Japanese truck built in Japan by Japanese workers to an American Truck built for the American market by American’s. Why is that important? In the world of full size trucks, it’s everything. When it comes to high revving sports cars, compact economy cars, or even lawnmowers, we’re happy to defer to any European or Asian company with a better idea. But, when it comes to trucks, Americans are finicky.

We know what we want and don’t want. I’m an American truck owner and I can’t describe it but I get it. We all get it. So regardless of whether or not it makes financial sense for Japanese car companies to build trucks here in the US (it does), it makes perfect sense from a design and marketing standpoint. The best and fastest way to deliver what a market wants and needs is to be immersed in the culture. That shift from the T-100 being built in Tokyo by Toyotas Hino division, to the Tundra being built in Indiana by American’s forever blurred the distinction between foreign and domestic trucks. Foreign vs. Domestic simply doesn’t have the same meaning in the 21st century as it did in the decades following WW2.

The impact of this event hasn’t fully developed yet but it will in the coming years. Full size trucks were the last unmolested market the big three had. Now, not only is there foreign competition, it’s not even really foreign. When Toyota opens their new truck plant in San Antonio in late 2006, they will employ over 2000 workers and have on-site suppliers employing another 2100 people. All of them Texans. It’s hard toimagine an American truck more American than one built by Texans.

Now, with the introduction of the Canton Mississippi built Nissan Titan, the writing is on the wall. Through October of this year, Nissan has sold nearly 74,000 Titans. Add that to the more than 100,000 Tundras pumped into the market, and we’re talking serious numbers. That’s annually more than a quarter million sales that would have gone to Ford, GM or Chrysler a mere 13 years ago. But the figures are more ominous to the big 3 than that. The Titan and Tundra only compete in the 1/2 ton market. Toyota and Nissan don’t produce a model to compete with the Chevy HD’s, Ford Super Duty’s, or Heavy Dodge Rams and Power Wagons; YET.

Can’t imagine Nissan and Toyota building serious work trucks? Remember, Toyota already owns Hino and Nissan and UD are one in the same. Hino and UD own a significant piece of the class 3 to 6 medium duty truck market in the states. Those are the segments just above the Super Duties, Power Wagons, and HD’s.

They may not be called Nissan and Toyota, but that’s not important. What is important, is that they have the dealer network, distribution chain, corporate infrastructure, and 20 plus years of selling quality trucks to commercial buyers in the U.S. All that’s left is to close the loop in the noose around the big threes collective neck.

To work truck buyers, three factors are critical. Initial cost, cost of operation, and reliability. Nissan and Toyota are masters at entering market segments and in a short time having products of higher quality, better efficiency, and in many cases lower prices than their competitors. Forcing the big three to play catch up at their own game. Cadillac and Lincoln still haven’t caught back up to Lexus. If GM, Ford and Chrysler don’t get it together in a hurry, Nissan and Toyota will start building 3/4 and one ton trucks, and the game will be over before they knew it started.So how ready are the big three for serious foreign competition?

This year If Toyota was inclined, they could have offered a no bed Tundra with a dual wheel rear axle under it, dropped in one of Hinos diesel engines and sold more cab and chassis than Dodge. How? Dodge hasn’t offered a true cab and chassis since the Ram’s redesign in 2003, literally giving the market to Ford and GM for over three years. That kind of slow adaptation will spell disaster against companies like Toyota and Nissan. Not to mention Honda and Mitsubishi who may also become players.Based on show vehicles recently unveiled, like the Toyota FTX (which has a built in collapsible job box and ramps that slide out of the bed), Nissan and Toyota are going to go bigger and heavier. While Ford is wasting time slapping Super Duty pickup beds on International chassis, Toyota and Nissan are refining their product and winning the hearts and minds of American truck buyers.

Will history repeat itself? It already is. Oh, and by the way, the Chinese are coming.

?Benson Victorious in Craftsman Series

Clermont, IN – Johnny Benson scores his second consecutive victory and retains his lead in the Craftsman Truck series by winning the Power Stroke Diesel 200 at the O’Reilly Raceway Park.

In a race shoot-out, Benson drove his Toyota victory over second place finisher Ron Hornaday in his Chevrolet. The two drivers had the best trucks during the evening and it was at lap 162 that Benson got around Hornaday for the last time. Multiple yellow flags gave Hornaday many opportunities to be up close and try for a pass but never was able to pull it off.

Third place went to Erik Darnell in his Ford, with fourth place going to Chevrolet driver Matt Crafton. Fifth place went to Shelby Howard in a Chevrolet. Howard will be making his first Nationwide series start Saturday night. The Nationwide race will also be held at the O’Reilly Raceway Park.

Benson retains his lead in the series with only 15 points separating him and second place Hornaday. Crafton and Hornaday switched spots in the series with Crafton now in third place. Fourth place continues to be Rick Crawford. There was no change in fifth place with Mike Skinner holding onto that spot.

Tonight’s race was a typical bang-em-up race and it had a record tying eleven yellow flags. The most talked about spin happened when Kyle Busch put Chad McCumbee into the wall on lap 136. Busch went onto finish eighth while the crash ended the night for McCumbee.

The next race will be August 9 at the Nashville Superspeedway.

?Ford’s Super Duty Is Tough And Offers An Engaging Drive

Ford is the second largest automakers in the U.S and one of the nation’s oldest running nameplates with a large selection of vehicle in its lineup including the famed Super Duty truck. It is one of the best-selling trucks in the United States and it’s easy to see why; not only is it super tough, durable and capable but it also offers a comfortable and engaging drive. The Super Duty competes in the competitive truck segment with other with vehicles such as the Chevrolet Silverado and Dodge Ram. Despite its massive size the Super Duty handles extremely well and offers a refined and comfortable ride.

One of the truck’s best features is its extreme durability; the 6.7 L Power Stroke diesel engine is super tough and can be expected to hit the quarter of a million mile mark. It also meets all of the latest federal emissions standards. The Super Duty is available in the following trims; F-250, F-350 and the F-450. Opt for the F-250 or F-350 and you get to choose from 3 different engines; an eight cylinder, ten cylinder or a Powerstroke with a diesel engine. The V8 engine has a total output of 300hp while the ten cylinder puts out an intense 362 hp and 457 lb feet of torque.

The best thing about this truck is that you can customize it to your heart’s content; you can select from various trims, cabin configurations and even opt for a cool Work Solutions workspace. The truck is available with various different configurations and interior set ups; Crew, Super or Regular Cab. The Regular Cab can seat 3 individuals across a bench. The Super Cab is able to seat 5-6 adults while the Crew seats up to six persons. Seating is quite comfortable with plenty of space in the back for all passengers. One of the Ford’s most notable features is its superior Sync system which allows you place hands free calls, receive turn by turn directions, switch up your music via simple voice commands, receive traffic alerts and even receive audible text messages. This system can even connect you to 911 if the airbags are deployed during an accident. There’s even an option to integrate a Work Solutions package which will allow you to access the world wide web and office applications via the LCD screen.

Safety has been thoroughly addressed by Ford in order to ensure the safety of all occupants. Features include front and side air bags and an anti-lock braking system. The advanced traction control system limits wheel spin by minimizing engine throttle while the Advance Trac with Roll Stability control works to keep the vehicle stable through applying pressure to the brakes as necessary. Seatbelt pretensioners are in place which tighten up during impending collision.

If you’re looking for a tough truck that can tow a ton but also offer a refined and smooth ride then the Super Duty might be the perfect match for you. The Super Duty can function as a daily commuter car but it has the power to perform tough towing jobs; it’s a work horse through and through. If you decide to use it for commercial purposes, you can even opt for the Work Solutions package and attend to work related issues right from the driver’s seat. The Super Duty is competitively priced at $26k which makes it affordable regardless of whether you choose to purchase it for work or pleasure.

?The Unknown Potential of Diesel Trucks As High Performance Vehicles

Racing down the quarter mile in 11 seconds is impressive for a street legal & driven vehicle. It becomes even more impressive when that vehicle gets 20+ miles per gallon. But the jaws really drop when said vehicle weighs in between 6,000 and 8,000 pounds, and is powered by a smokey diesel. Of course, it does not stop at 11 seconds. Yester-years diesels, perceived as dirty, obnoxious, and sluggish, are becoming challengers for such sports cars as the Chevrolet Corvette and Dodge Viper. The true potential of diesel is finally being explored and recognized.

The new age of diesel technology has gifted electronically controlled diesel engines that are capable of producing amazing power figures on pump diesel with bolt on modifications and tuning. Forget 500, even 600 horsepower. Street legal diesels are working their way into 4 figure horsepower and torque ratings. Diesel motor sports are more popular than ever, and the potential of diesel technology is finally being exploited by the media (in a great way).

If neck-snapping power is not impressive enough, how about saving some hard earned dollars at the pump? The combustion process of diesel fuel, in comparison to gasoline, is much more efficient. Though diesel powered vehicles weigh more than comparable gasoline vehicles, they receive greater fuel mileage due to their amazing efficiency. Though diesel engines have had a poor reputation in the past, they have long surpassed the efficiency of gasoline engines. With minor modifications, these vehicles are capable of outstanding performance AND fuel economy; the best of both worlds. It won’t be long until a 10 second diesel truck surpasses a Toyota Prius in fuel economy.

?Ford Truck Performance: F-150 Engines

Since the late 1970s, the Ford F-150 has been the best selling full-size pickup truck line in America. That shouldn’t be a surprise – the automaker regularly updates and improves its iconic trucks to stay ahead of its competition.

And the F-150’s competition is stiff: formidable challengers include the Chevrolet Silverado and GMC Sierra, the Ram 1500, Toyota Tundra and Nissan Titan. Each of these trucks brings something to the full-size pickup arena, offering customers plenty of power, storage capacity and interior room. But, Ford is clearly the winner and aims to stay in first place by refusing to rest upon its laurels.

New Engines

Last updated in 2009, Ford isn’t waiting for its next generational change before making important interim moves. Beginning with the 2011 model year, the Ford F-150 gains engines new to this model, once again throwing down the gauntlet for its competitors to pick up.

The four engines, mated to six-speed automatic transmissions, are:

3.5-liter EcoBoost V-6 – Ford is offering the power of a V-8 and the fuel economy of a V-6 in its EcoBoost 3.5-liter twin-induction turbo-charged engine. Rated at 365 horsepower and 425 pound-feet of torque, this engine offers power equivalent to the outgoing 5.4-liter V-8. The EcoBoost offers 11,300 pounds of towing and 3,030 pounds of payload, and operates on regular gasoline.

3.7-liter four-valve V-6 – Base six-cylinder power can be found in this new to the F-150 engine, rated at 302 horsepower and producing 278 pound-feet of torque. E85 flex fuel capable, this engine also takes regular gasoline. This engine offers 6,100 pounds of towing capacity.

5.0-liter four-valve V-8 – This engine is similar to the one offered in the Ford Mustang, tweaked for truck use. Rated at 360 horsepower and 380 pound-feet of torque, the 5.0-liter V-8 takes regular gasoline or E85 fuel. Towing capacity is 10,000 pounds.

6.2-liter two-valve V-8 – The largest Ford F-150 engine is its most powerful one, rated at 411 horsepower and 434 pound-feet of torque. This engine runs on regular gasoline is standard on the SVT Raptor and is also used in the Super Duty. Towing capacity is 11,300 pounds.

Diesel Option

If you’re looking for a diesel engine, that 6.7-liter 32-valve Power Stroke turbo-diesel V-8 is reserved for Ford’s Super Duty truck line. Super Duty payload ratings are from 2,210 pounds to 7,070 pounds. Rated at 400 horsepower and 800 pound-feet of torque, this model can pull up to 24,400 pounds with 5th-wheel towing.

?Be Alert and Keep Attention While Buying Used Trucks

Trucking industries is one of the most dedicated and basic required industries. There are many of the dealers to have the buying and selling option served of these trucks. Trucking buyers are almost the commercial owners who lend the trucks on hire for delivering and transporting their trucks to various industries and business houses. Various trucks for sale are used for this purpose.

The Lifted trucks for sale are the trucks which are making the transfer of heavy tools and equipments and also the machineries from one place to another. The 4×4 trucks for sale are the trucks which make the delivering of limited goods and services in splendid style and passion. They are the fastest and performance oriented trucks.

The pick up trucks for sale are also used for the similar functions and make huge contribution to the entire industrial development. Also the diesel pick up trucks are having wider range of demand in the buyers. The diesel trucks for sale are the trucks which are having diesel engine and those who want to save money on fuel can switch on to diesel trucks. Big trucks for sale are the trucks with gigantic size and are used to make the transfer of heavy machineries and tools to different destinations.

While buying these trucks in the used forms it is required to have some precautions and care to avoid any of the consequent problem or grudge. Here are some of the factors which can save from any of the used truck for sale buying problems.

# Check every parts of the trucks

It is quite necessary to check all the parts of the trucks thoroughly and also to make the buying of trucks easier. Also the mechanic should be familiar and trust worth. The opinion of expert is quite required before making any of the deals with the used trucks dealers.

# Confirm the title and documents

It is truly important to make the confirmation of the title of the dealt used truck and also to check all the documents which are required to have for the legal procedures. In many of the online deals it happens that the document and title are never clear and people used to forget the checking of such document which makes big problem afterwards while dealing in legal procedure. There are lots of chances of the truck being the theft one or fraudulent dealing which creates big danger for the future.

# Check the history detail

History book of the cars are the most important tool of buying and this book is very important to get checked. There are various reasons to check the history book as this book shows the car history of accidents and also of repairing. The used cars needs to get checked with all of these points and one should take care of all these things carefully.

?Ford Spearheads Diesel Revolution

Ford Motor Company in its endeavor to introduce innovative technologies that improve fuel economy, reduce vehicle emissions and country’s reliance on imported oil, has finally come up with the cleanest and the quietest diesel sold in America. Its all-new Ford F-Series Super Duty pickup has a new 6.4-liter Power Stroke® Diesel that has ultra low-sulfur diesel fuel and advanced diesel particulate filter which can provide particulate emissions levels similar to that of gasoline engines. 2008 Ford F-Series Super Duty pickup is soon to be unveiled at the State Fair of Texas in Dallas on Sept. 28.

“”Ford has built its truck reputation on innovation in design, capability and durability,”” said Mark Fields, Ford’s president of The Americas. He further noted, “”Clean diesel power will bring even more capability to our new Super Duty pickup – along with a new level of quietness and refinement. It’s what you would expect from America’s truck leader for nearly 30 years, and it’s the sort of innovation you will see throughout our product lineup going forward.””

Ford F-Series Pickup parts have included the all new Power Stroke diesel engine to increase the current displacement of Duper Duty pickup. This engine is the very first engine in North America to utilize a high pressure, high precision, common-rail fuel injection system featuring piezo-electric injectors which pave way for a quieter engine with better emissions. The filter incorporated in it is efficient in sifting black smoke from exhaust gases. In the process, it also cleans itself through the use of advanced engine controls.

It can be recalled that Ford has also spearheaded other environment advocacies earlier. These include vehicles that can run on E-85 ethanol, including the flex-fuel F-150, and hybrids. It is also looked up as the leader in hydrogen internal combustion engines. In view of this advocacy, Ford is also actively engaged in fuel, engine and transmission studies to deploy advanced technologies without sacrificing the environment.

?The Long Haul-Carbon Monoxide and the Trucking World

Truck drivers of all kinds confront many dangers on the roads today. From bad weather to bad drivers, some days it seems like the world is conspiring against you to keep you from delivering your load on time. While road crews shutting down 2 out of 3 lanes on a 9 degree down grade, blown tires sending rubber shrapnel everywhere, and just getting plain old tired are very tangible hazards, there is another that is very easy to overlook. It is nearly impossible to detect with your five senses and potentially more dangerous than anything else out there. This threat is carbon monoxide.

The trucking industry employs over 9 million Americans and 227,000 Canadians, making it one of the top occupations in both countries. In fact, according to Statistics Canada, the occupation of truck driver is the most frequently cited among Canadian men. These almost 10 million highly skilled and constantly tested drivers work on average 60 hours a week, according to the U.S. Department of Labor, to contribute to a revenue stream approaching the trillions of dollars every year. With so many drivers on the road, in garages, and at fuel stations, one would think that carbon monoxide exposure would be a top priority. In fact it is exactly the opposite. A blown tire, dead battery, or faulty air line, while all still dangerous, vastly outweigh CO exposure as a top worry among drivers. Truckinfo.net says 51% percent of truckers are worried about shredding a tire compared to less than 1% concerned about carbon monoxide poisoning. This is not because truck drivers are uneducated, rather, it is due to a lack of awareness about what carbon monoxide is, how often exposure can happen, and how dangerous it can really be. This awareness should be provided by OSHA, the EPA, and our employers and employer organizations, but sometimes unfortunately it is not.

Carbon monoxide is an odorless, colorless, tasteless, and highly toxic gas. Because of this, it can kill you before you are even aware it is there. Carbon monoxide is produced by incomplete oxidation of carbon in combustion. Simply put, CO can be produced by virtually any source of combustion, from vehicle engines and poorly burning or improperly vented kerosene and gas heaters or generators, to cigarettes, faulty furnaces, campfires, and charcoal grilles among hundreds of other sources. For most truck drivers, the greatest threat is from diesel exhaust, whether exposure happens inside the cab of a truck from a cracked header, or outside the vehicle by running it inside a garage.

Carbon monoxide works by combining reversibly with hemoglobin in the bloodstream, creating carboxyhemoglobin. This causes a reduction in the amount of oxygen your blood can carry to the tissues of your body. At low concentrations, an exposed person may experience flu-like symptoms like fatigue, headache, nausea, dizziness, and irritability. As exposure increases, symptoms such as impaired brain function, confusion, chest pain, and eventually unconsciousness set in. Continued exposure at very high concentrations can be fatal within minutes.

Therefore, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration), NIOSH (National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health), ACGIH (American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists), and other agencies issued Permissible Exposure Limits for carbon monoxide. These exposure limits are expressed in terms of ppm (parts per million) which basically means one part CO in one million parts air. The OSHA limit is 50 ppm as a time-weighted average, the NIOSH limit is 35 ppm as a time-weighted average with a 200 ppm ceiling value, and the ACGIH limit is 25 ppm as a time-weighted average for a normal 8-hour workday or 40-hour work week, which we all know would virtually be a vacation for most truckers. These limits were established because even at these low concentrations, people will begin to see the symptoms of CO poisoning and some people are more sensitive to exposure than others. To put this in perspective, if you were to open your window on the highway in fairly heavy, slow-moving traffic, you could easily be exposed to somewhere between 10 ppm and 45 ppm of CO. You may experience a headache (which you most likely would attribute to frustration over the traffic conditions), mild dizziness, or mild nausea. Now imagine a truck driver being exposed to those conditions 10 or more hours a day, 6 days a week. Fortunately, we do get some open road time, and if the truck is not contributing to the exposure, the clean fresh air will help clear out the carbon monoxide that is present. But, you can see how chronic CO exposure at this level can become problematic, not to mention what would happen if a crack in your exhaust header, a near worst-case scenario, caused diesel exhaust to pour into the cab of your truck. The result could be catastrophic to both the driver and the other vehicles on the road.

Now don’t get me wrong, I am not in the business of trying to scare people, rather, I am in the business of educating those of you who are not aware of this potential danger. It is a real possibility, and every effort should be made to avoid excessive CO exposure. Fortunately there are readily available products out there that can alert you if you are in imminent threat of carbon monoxide exposure and poisoning. Your easiest line of defense is a CO detector that can warn you when exposure occurs so you can minimize it and avoid it.

Carbon monoxide detectors come in all shapes and sizes, all for various applications, from plug-in models for the home, to high tech, industrial grade instruments for more stringent laboratory and occupational environments. With all the choices in CO detectors out there, it is hard to tell what to look for when you are going to make that purchase. Here are the most important things to consider when buying a carbon monoxide detector:

1. Cost. I know the number one concern for a truck driver is cost, especially those of you who are owner-operators. Every dollar spent is one more dollar out of your or your company’s pocket. Now CO detectors can range in price from $20 to almost $1000 for the super advanced models, and many times, you truly do get what you pay for. A truck driver doesn’t necessarily need all the bells and whistles on a $1000 model, so take that out of the equation completely. Now on the low end you are looking at a detector with limited capabilities, sometimes not alarming until well over the recommended exposure limits, if at all, and most of those “”cheap”” detectors will also alarm if they come in contact with something as harmless as water vapor. Look for a detector in the $100 to $200 range. There are many out there to choose from, but in this price range you will find the best combination of affordability, accuracy, reliability, and operational features. This may sound like a lot of money for a CO detector when home versions go for $20 or $30, and we don’t want to break the bank, but ask yourself at what value do I put my health and safety?

2. Portability. As a driver, you are constantly on the move, not only in your vehicle, but outside of it as well, whether you are refueling or pushing a load onto the docks while your truck idles away in the garage. Look for a CO detector that is small enough to carry with you, on a lanyard, on your belt, or clipped to your shirt pocket. You are not going to want to carry around a CO detector the size of a Big Mac attached to your chest, let alone trying to find an out-of-the-way place to stick it inside your cab. The smaller size detector will hardly be noticeable, until of course the alarm goes off, warning you of dangerous levels of carbon monoxide.

3. Alarm. Speaking of the alarm, you should look for a detector with at least an 85dB alarm. Even better if the detector has multiple alarms such as a flashing LED and/or a vibrator alarm like a cell phone. If the LED and vibration don’t get your attention, the 85dB will certainly do the trick, even if you are at highway speed with the stereo blasting “”Sweet Home Alabama””. These alarms should also be set to sound when your exposure exceeds the recommended OSHA, ACGIH, or NIOSH air quality standards. You can usually find that information from the individual product descriptions. Beware of detectors that do not give you that information, usually those are substandard detectors that may not sound until the level reaches close to 100 ppm, which may already be too late, depending on how long you have been exposed to that level. Ideally, your CO detector should have all the alarm settings above, and let you know.

4. Sensitivity. Find a detector that says it is a “”low-level”” CO detector. You want the detector to be able to read at least down to 5 ppm so you can see exactly how much CO you are being exposed to, and potentially fix any problems before they get to the “”alarm”” level. The digital display (yes, it must have a digital display) should also be able to read up to 400 ppm. Any higher, and it doesn’t really matter what the exact concentration is, its bad news and you need to get to fresh air fast.

5. Features. Many of the high-priced CO detectors come with a myriad of different features, most of which will never be used by the average driver. Not to worry, there are only a few must have capabilities that you need to look for in a carbon monoxide detector. Not only should it have a digital display telling you how much CO you are being exposed to as I mentioned above, it should also have dosimeter capabilities, meaning it should be able to tell you what your total “”dose”” of CO was over the time you were measuring. A detector should be advanced enough to tell you the time-weighted average exposure (NIOSH, ACGIH, and OSHA all set limits in these terms), the total exposure over a period of time, the maximum exposure during that time, and when that maximum concentration occurred during that time period or similar parameters. Only with these features can you get a realistic picture of how much CO you are being exposed to as well as where you were when the exposure happened so you can prevent yourself being poisoned repeatedly. The detector should also have different time modes, such as one that gives you short term readings immediately for on the spot CO checks, and another mode, 8 to 10 hours for example, so you can get a solid picture of exposure during an entire workday. And it should be simple to operate, don’t buy a detector with a 300 page manual and 16 buttons on the front; look for simplicity. There are a few detectors in this price range that feature single button operation which is very easy to use.

6. Manufacturer. Don’t get caught up in only looking at the big-box retailers when choosing a CO detector. Look around, do your research (the internet is a great place to start), and you will come out ahead of the game. Because CO detector technology is advancing so rapidly, many times the smaller companies will be able to offer a better product at a lower price. Those smaller companies tend to have a narrower product and industry focus plus low overhead, leading to the most cutting edge technology being offered in their reasonably priced detectors. After all, these small companies are trying to compete with the big boys, so they are forced to work extra hard to produce an affordable, superior product. Don’t overlook the little guy.

I realize that this is a lot of information to digest, but it is so vital to getting the most for your hard-earned money. Keep these suggestions in mind when you go shopping and you won’t be sorry.

Carbon monoxide is a problem that faces every one of the millions of truck drivers on the road all over the world. Through education, prevention, and a little good old common sense, you can steer clear of the dangers of carbon monoxide. The first step is go get a good CO detector, that way you can stay on the road, and well ahead of this “”silent killer””. Drive safely, and happy trails.

References:Trucking Stats, Truckinfo.net, http://www.truckinfo.net/trucking/stats.htm

Occupational Outlook Handbook 2006-07 Ed., U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, http://www.bls.gov/oco/print/ocos246.htm

Environmental Protection Agency, An Introduction to IAQ, http://www.epa.gov/iaq/co.html

Occupational Safety and Health Guidelines for Carbon Monoxide, U.S. Department of Labor,
Occupational Safety and Health Administration,

?Ford Ranger – The Low Down

There are trucks and then there are trucks. Some trucks are designed to have a large towing and bed capacity. These trucks will have very large engines and will in general be very large. They are designed not for gas mileage but for towing power. They are big, large and suck up a-lot of fuel. They’re also very expensive. The more common style of truck is the smaller sized vehicle. These trucks still have quite a bit of power, have body on frame technology and are larger than normal sized cars. They still get good petrol consumption and are a good option for people who are looking for a truck.

The Ford Ranger is such a truck. Ford has quite a number of different styles of trucks. Some are larger and others are smaller. The ford ranger is the smallest truck (truck being defined as a vehicle with a bed) that they offer. It comes in a few different options as far as engine size. If you’re looking for the best fuel economy you should get the 4 cylinder engine. It gives off just under 150 horsepower at 5,250 RPM. The main advantage to the 4 cylinder is the fuel consumption. You’re going to get approximately 22 miles to the gallon in the city and 27 on open roads. Those are very impressive numbers for a truck.

If you’re looking for more power go for the 4.0L V6. This engine is almost twice as big as its 4 cylinder cousin. It puts out approximately 50 more horsepower than the 4 cylinder which puts you at around 207 horses. You still get some pretty impressive consumption numbers as well; 16 in the city and 21 on rural mileage. It’s no economy car but for a truck it’s still excellent gas mileage.

If you opt for the V6 when shopping for ford rangers for sale you can tow up to 5800 pounds. Since it is a small and light truck you will need to be careful with such large loads. However, the possibility is always there. Another great thing about ford ranger vans for sale is a technology that lets you shift into 4WD on the go. Normally cars have to stop, be put into neutral and then shift into 4×4. With the Ranger you get 4×4 on the go. With the simple press of a button your car is now spinning both axles. This is a great way to get yourself out of sticky situations.

All in all the Ranger is a great choice for someone looking for large towing capacity out of a small package. You’ll end up saving thousands of dollars on both the price tag and the diesel you’re saving!

?Basic Maintenance Tips For Diesel Engines

If you own a big rig, you know that unless you care for its diesel engine you will spend more time in the shop and less on the road. If you are a new truck owner and have limited experience with diesel engines, here are some basic maintenance tips to help keep you rolling longer and with fewer troubles.

— Don’t forget to warm up

Unlike conventional engines, diesels require a little TLC before they are up and ready to go. You should idle your engine for a full five minutes before hitting the accelerator. If you don’t, you run the risk of having the engine seize up. At the very least, not warming up will cause your parts to wear out much faster. It is especially important to follow this principle in extremely cold weather since the oils in the engine tends to thicken under these conditions. This viscosity in the transmission fluid especially will be harmful to the engine if it is run before the oils are sufficiently heated and free to flow properly.

— Do not allow overheating

Trying to go up steep hills too fast is one of the main causes of diesel engine overheating. Of course, such practices should be avoided as much as possible; but if your engine does overheat, save it from further damage by taking care of it in the following ways: Do not turn off the engine right away; rather, pull over to the side of the road and allow your truck to idle for a full 5 minutes before turning it off. Do not do anything with the engine until the steam has cleared and the radiator cap is cool to the touch. Refill with antifreeze and check the temperature periodically to avoid further problems.

Diesel engines are great, but they can be temperamental creatures: be sure to care for them properly to ensure a long and happy relationship between you and your rig.

?Ford Outfits Heavy Duty Diesel Parts on the New Scorpion V8

The 2011 edition of the Ford Super Duty pickup features an all-new diesel V8 engine. This torque-y beast was designed in-house and given a name that would send shivers down James Bond’s spine: Scorpion. The engine carries over the V8 configuration of the previous 6.4L Power Stroke, and it picks up a variety of technologies that have appeared on other recent gas and diesel engines, including a turbocharger.

The biggest change by far is the adoption of an inside-out engine layout, seen in other vehicles like BMW’s new turbocharged gas V8 and GM’s Duramax 4500. Since the V-engine configuration was first introduced, most models have had the intake system mounted in the valley between the banks and the exhaust incorporated on the outside. This new layout switches that around.

The Scorpion also features a new turbocharger manufactured by Honeywell, combining the principle of the sequential turbo approach with the variable vane system. This turbocharger uses the engine’s exhaust gases to spin up a turbine that drives a compressor to force more air into the engine, thus producing more power. The beauty of the system lies in its efficiency. It consumes very little energy under light load conditions, allowing for improved MPGs. When extra power is needed, the turbo helps expand the engine’s operating range to produce the required amount of boost on-demand.

Beyond the new turbo technology and layout, the remainder of the engine is business as usual. In order to meet the latest emissions standards, the Scorpion features many of the same technologies found on the latest light-duty diesels, which run cleaner, produce less soot and nitrogen oxide, use less fuel and still create gut-wrenching performance gains.

Among the most popular truck accessories and diesel performance parts for the Scorpion are genuine Ford parts than include diesel stacks, brakes, performance chips and a performance exhaust system. With all that brute strength under the hood, the possibilities for towing and other high-output activities are practically endless. But, since there’s no such thing as “”too much power,”” the addition of performance chips and a performance exhaust system can streamline your engine to maximize the output often lost in a series of restrictive factory settings. Used together, performance chips and a performance exhaust can maximize exhaust flow while creating an overall efficiency that translates to greater fuel economy by making adjustments to your air/fuel ratio, ignition timing and other key variables. To meet the demands of that extra power, many are also considering beefing up their brakes with the addition of reliable components like performance brake pads, proven to surpass their underperforming counterparts in durability by 20 – 40 percent. Additionally, performance brakes come slotted and cross-drilled to channel water away from the braking surface while providing the tough appearance worthy of the name Scorpion.

?The Diesel Car Myths

A couple of years back, Richard A. Wright, in his work “”A Brief History The Auto Industry””, said, “”The first oil crisis in 1973 shook us. The second in 1978 scared us, scared us so bad that car buyers were willing to ignore the diesel’s noise, fumes, smell and iffy cold-weather starting to get the benefit of its good fuel economy. (Most of these problems with the diesel have since been solved.)

“”Sales of passenger cars powered by diesels grew rapidly, peaking in 1981 at 520,788. Some 60 percent of those diesel cars were built by General Motors. That was 10 percent of GM sales that year. For other makers, diesels were a bigger factor. They accounted for almost 85 percent of Peugeot sales in the United States, 78 percent of Mercedes-Benz sales, 58 percent of Isuzu sales and almost half of Volkswagen sales. Diesel passenger cars were also sold by Audi, Volvo and Datsun in 1981.

“”Then there were problems with GM’s diesels. Blocks cracked and crankshafts wore prematurely. Critics complained that it was just a converted gasoline engine and clubs of disgruntled owners sprang up and lawsuits were filed. Tougher emission standards caused problems for all diesel makers. Hammering the final nail in the diesel’s coffin, the price of gasoline began to decline. So did diesel sales. GM, which had been so bullish on diesels, ended production in 1985. Gasoline prices fell to the lowest levels ever, in terms of real dollars. The government’s cheap gasoline policies have kept the price low, except for occasional spikes to remind us how vulnerable we are.””

And perhaps due to this, many people have instead considered purchasing vehicles that were capable of running on the least expensive fuels, among which is diesel. However, statistics have really shown that despite diesel vehicles being one of the most cost efficient ones in the market, many have started choosing those units that were powered by really expensive fuels. This can be quite a sad situation given that people could have used their funds on other things like purchasing some Ford Courier parts to replace the worn out parts or rather purchasing some items for the household.

Aside from these, there are also some myths going on that diesel vehicles are quite few in the market. But if you would go ahead and do some research yourself, you would discover that diesel vehicles are aplenty. In fact, for the years 1960 up until 2002, there is quite a huge range of those units that run on diesel fuel.

As per what kind of future would these diesel vehicles have, that would still be the question. The sales have gone slow for the last decade or so. However, current trends do say that the graph is spiking once again. Who knows? The glory days of diesel vehicles might still come back.

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