?How Does Gasoline Get Into Your Car?
Oil issues has defined and shaped political history such as wars raged by world leaders over oil that brought disruptions to economies and hostilities among nations as it is considered one of the most important element that runs a nation. The United States for example consumes about 840 million gallons of petroleum each day wherein approximately half of it is consumed by over 200 million motor vehicles that when combined, travels about 7 billion miles a day, accounting the US consumption of about 44 percent of the worldwide gasoline consumption. In 2006 alone, America consumed about 510 billion liters. Thus oil has become the defining catalyst in the 20th century.
Gasoline is made from crude oil, which was formed from remnants of organic elements like tiny plants and animals that lived millions of years ago. These remains, which were covered with layers of sedimentation, undergo chemical formation brought about by changes in extremes of temperatures composed of hydrocarbons. These hydrocarbons, known as crude oil, then undergo refinery process to breakdown it to several by-products such as gasoline, diesel fuel, LPG, lubricating oil and among others.
For an ordinary person, the process of getting a gasoline from the gasoline station pump into his car is nothing but an ordinary endeavor but the process of getting the gasoline from underneath the earth’s deep cores is another issue. How do these elements, where countries are fighting claims just for a piece of territory believed to contain oil deposits, come up from thousands of feet below the ground among rocks?
Oil is drilled from the ground using oil drilling rigs, which can be portable or mounted on trucks or on more permanent structures and are made of steel that create holes in the ground. The rig is connected to motor drilling pipes in the surface to pump mud or tiny chips of rocks back to the surface. After the oil is extracted from oil spots and pumped into the surface, it is piped away from the rig to waiting boats, oil tankers or refineries. The movie Armageddon, for example perfectly pictures how a black crude oil gushed out from the ground using marine-based structure rigs.
The oil is brought to refineries where it is processed to a more useful form such as gasoline, kerosene LPG, lubricating oil and many more by-products. Oil refineries are mostly composed of complexes of huge and numerous pipelines and pumps filled with oil connecting one structure to another as oil undergo from one refining process to another. The end products are then divided into categories such as light distillates where LPG and gasoline fall, middle distillates for kerosene and diesel and heavy distillates or residuum where heavy fuel, lubricating oils and asphalt belong.
After refining, the by-products and end-products are packaged in different forms for commercial use, and brought to legitimate distributors such as gasoline stations, ready for the market. When you drop by at the gasoline station, you will notice that the gas that is pumped out is already clear as a result of the complicated process that oil refineries have.
The oil industry is proving to be a lucrative business as oil is becoming as vital to life as water. Almost every tool that we have is being powered by oil or gasoline. For such, gasoline stations are found in almost every corner and intersection in an answer to the growing rate motor vehicles plying major city thoroughfares.